Thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland that sits low on the front of the neck above your collarbone. It is one of the most important glands, which make hormones. Thyroid hormones help control the rate of many activities in your body and how fast you burn calories and how fast your heart beats. All these activities count for your body’s metabolism.
Thyroid disorders are quite common and mainly occur in women, although anyone – men, teenagers, children and babies too can be affected. 1 in 20 people has some kind of thyroid disorder, which may be temporary or permanent.
Functional : Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism
Structural: Goitre or tumours in thyroid gland, Thyroiditis, Thyroid eye disease.Thyroid problems include the following
Goiter : Enlargement of the thyroid gland
Hyperthyroidism : when your thyroid gland makes more thyroid hormones than your body actually needs
Hypothyroidism : when your thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormones than your body needs
Thyroid cancer: quite rare, but it is important to ask your doctor to check for lump in your neck.
Thyroid nodules: lumps in the thyroid gland that can stop the thyroid gland from working properly, or are simply uncomfortable.
Thyroiditis : swelling of the thyroid.
Thyroid eye disease : affects people who have an overactive thyroid due to Graves’ disease.
If a patient is suspected to have thyroid, he/she is made to undergo specialized tests, medical history and a thorough physical examination that help in diagnosing the problems associated with thyroid gland. Blood Tests are usually done at Dr Ram’s Diabetes and Endocrine clinic which is one of the best hospital for thyroid treatment in Chennai that measures the level of thyroid hormones and TSH. Some tests identify antibodies against the thyroid tissue. When an enlargement is found, imaging tests might be advised. An ultrasound provides visuals of the tissue and may help to reveal any cysts.
Best treatment for thyroid in chennai depends on the type of thyroid disease. Hormone excess or deficiency due to thyroid disorders can be treated with medications. Structural diseases such as tumors might require surgery. Surgery becomes essential, especially if there is a possibility of thyroid cancer. If the gland is removed during surgery, then medications for hypothyroidism might be needed for the future.